I envy Permaculture Joe’s life and his ability to separate himself from the ‘social norm’ and find a life he loves and a job he’s passionate about. Joe is a high school dropout and yet he’s knows more about life and sustainable living than any Harvard graduate. As stated in the prompt, he’s knowledgeable of most of the topics we have discussed in class, up to this point, and he didn’t need a formal education to do so. Joe’s lecture relates to Aldo Leopold’s “The Land Ethic” in that he is a plain member of the land-community and he encourages others to extend ethics to land and nature. He has significant philosophical value for the land and nature similar to Aldo Leopold. Permaculture and transition towns are the forefront of sustainability. Joe’s ethics of the environment were strong but rational. His perspective is logical and recognizes the importance of a healthy environment. Local, small-scale, diverse agriculture is needed to produce food sustainably and avoids the use of fertilizers and chemical pesticides/herbicides. Permaculture is more than sustainable agriculture, it pertains to all aspects human life and culture. Transition towns are prototypes that will lead to the development of sustainable cities and so on. Permaculture eliminates environmental externalities. As stated in the Wenz reading, most waste is disposed of to low income areas and regions of the world because of the “not in my backyard” principle. By keeping all waste locally, it’s the community’s responsibility to recycle waste or dispose of it properly or they face the consequences of not doing so. Permaculture is a step towards sustainable society.