People in general often lead meaningless lives and think that a child will give their lives meaning. I see this is as a reflection of the natural trait of selfishness. Humans will use children as a form of entertainment. An increase in quality of life provides people with more opportunities to distract themselves. A higher education explains to people why an abundant number of children is bad for the environment and inspires them to focus on their careers. “For Japanese women today, marriage is the grave of their hard-won careers.” Improved health care allows for the reduction of child births since there is a lower infant mortality rate. A significant factor in decreasing the birth rates by creating gender equality is that there would be less rape and unwanted pregnancies. In some cultures it is not considered wrong to have sex with your wife even if she is unwilling. “Sexual harassment of Mongolian women is a widespread problem exacerbated by traditional attitudes and the risk of unemployment.”
China’s one-child policy is great in the sense that they did what many people wish they could do. Due to the selfishness of people, it is difficult to find a way to lower the population without infringing on women’s rights. Consider the fact that in China if you have enough money, you can have more than one child. This policy appears to be protecting the future children because it means they will not have to live a life of poverty. Paying for diapers and food for one child is nowhere near as expensive as paying for five children. This is similar to some of the debates regarding abortion. You can’t tell a woman what to do with her body but you also can’t murder a baby. Even if the human population does end up dying off, I suppose that it is better than infringing on human rights.